Putranjiva roxburghii

Economic importance of Putranjiva roxburghii

Kingdom: Plantae Order: Malpighiales Family: Putranjivaceae Genus:  Putranjiva Species: Putranjiva roxburghii Common name: Child- life tree Origin: India Description:  Evergreen tree, with pendent branches, grey bark, leaves are long, elliptic- oblong to ovate –lanceolate, dark-green, shining, flowers small, make in dense rounded clusters, yellowish, femal ,solitary or 2-3 together, green. Economic Importance: Wood used for house- building, agricultural implements, tool handles and turnery. Leaves and stones given in decoction for cold, fever, and rheumatism. Leaves also lopped for fodder. Stones strung into40

Michelia -Tree

Economic importance of Michelia spp.

Kingdom: Plantae Order: Magnoliales Family: Magnoliaceae Genus:  Michelia Species: M. champaca ; M. oblonga Common name: Champa Origin: India Description: An evergreen tree. It is best known and cultivated for its strongly fragrant yellow or white flowers. Economic Importance: M . champaca: Wood used for posts, boards, veneers, furniture, decorative fittings, carriage and ship – building, and carving. Also suitable for bent- wood ribs, general joinery work, bobbins, drums, battery separators and tea chest plywood. Flowers are source of Champa oil or40

Dalbergia latifolia tree at FRI Dehradun campus

Economic importance of Dalbergia latifolia

Kingdom: Plantae Order: Fabales Family: Papilionaceae Genus: Dalbergia Species: Dalbergia latifolia Common name: Indian Rosewood Origin: India Description: Rosewood is a large deciduous or nearly evergreen tree with a cylindrical, fairly straight bole and a broad rounded crown. The bark is fairly thin, grey, with irregular short cracks, exfoliated and thin, fibrous, longitudinal flakes, leaves are imparipinnate, base cuneate, elliptic, ovate and leathery. Flowers  white, found in axils of much branched panicles. Economic Importance: Indian rosewood is ranked among the finest wood for40

Trewia nudiflora

Economic Importance of Trewia nudiflora

Kingdom: Plantae Order: Malpighiales Family: Euphorbiaceae Genus: Trewia Species: Trewia nudiflora Common name: Gutel, khamara Origin: India   Description: It is a small to large sized deciduous tree with spreading branches. Leaves opposite, long petioled, broadly ovate, cordate or rounded base, acuminate, female flowers on long peduncles, styles yellow. Fruit is a globose berry.   Economic Importance: The wood is even textured. It is classed as a very weak and soft timber. It is a straight- grained timber with medium fine- texture. It is used for40

Emblica officinalis

Economic importance of Emblica officinalis

Kingdom : Plantae Division : Angiospermae Class : Dicotyledonae Order : Geraniales Family: Euphorbiaceae Genus:  Emblica Species: Emblica officinalis Common name: Amla Origin: India Description: The tree is small to medium sized, reaching 8 to 18 m in height, with crooked trunk and spreading branches. The leaves simple, sub-sessile and closely set along branchlets, light green, resembling pinnate leaves. The flowers are greenish-yellow. The fruit is nearly spherical, light greenish yellow, quite smooth and hard on appearance. The taste of Indian gooseberry40

Hamelia patens

Economic importance of Hamelia patens

Kingdom: Plantae Order: Gentianales Family: Rubiaceae Genus: Hamelia Species: Hamelia patens Common name: Scarlet- bush Origin: Brazil   Description: It has orangish-red tubular flowers. Their corolla varies much in length, making it attractive to a wide range of pollinators. The fruit is a small dark red berry. Economic Importance:   Hummingbirds are attracted by its flowers which will also forage on small insects found in the vicinity, helping to keep down pests. The fruits have a refreshing, acidic taste and besides40

Nyctanthes arbor- tristis

Economic importance of Nyctanthes arbor- tristis

Kingdom: Plantae Order: Lamiales Family: Verbenaceae Genus:  Nyctanthes Species: Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Common name: Night jasmine, Harsinghar Origin: India   Description: It is a shrub or a small tree, with grey bark. The leaves are opposite, simple, with an entire margin. The flowers are fragrant, they are produced in clusters of two to seven together, with individual flowers opening at dusk and finishing at dawn. The fruit is a flat brown heart-shaped to round capsule, with two sections each containing a single seed.   Economic40

Male cones of Pinus roxburghii

Economic importance of Pinus roxburghii

Kingdom: Plantae Division: Pinophyta Class: Pinopsida Order: Pinales Family: Pinaceae Genus: Pinus Species: P. Roxburghii Common name: Chir Origin: India Description: It is a large tree; the bark is red-brown. The leaves are needle-like, in fascicles of three, very slender, distinctly yellowish green. The cones are ovoid conic. The seeds are with a wing, and are wind-dispersed. Economic Importance: Source of an oleoresin which yields turpentine oil. Indian turpentine oil has comparatively low pinene and high careen content and chiefly used as40