What is CDM?

Introduction: Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol defines Clean Development Mechanism (CDM); ‘The purpose of the clean development mechanism shall be to assist Parties not included in Annex I in achieving sustainable development and in contributing to the ultimate objective of the Convention, and to assist Parties included in Annex I in achieving compliance with their quantified emission limitation and reduction commitments under Article 3’ Background: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concluded that rapidly increasing green house gas concentration40

Role of termites in methane emission

Significant green house gas (GHG) emissions from natural resources have considerable impacts on climate change. Global methane (a potent green house gas) emissions from natural sources are around 20,80,00,000 metric tons per year (EPA, April 2010). Terrestrial arthropod like termite contributes to the methane emission resulting from their digestive system. Global emissions of methane due to termites are estimated to be between 20,00,000 and 2,20,00,000 metric tons per year (EPA, April 2010).  Nobel Laureate Dr. Steven Chu has stated in40

Methane- A potent Green House Gas

Methane – molecular structure Methane (CH4) is an important trace gas in the atmosphere contributing significantly to long- wave radiation absorption emitting from the earth’s surface. It also affects the chemistries of both the troposphere and the stratosphere. Methane was discovered and isolated by Alessandro Volta (Italian Physicist) between 1776 and 1778. Chemistry of Methane: Presence of carbon and hydrogen in the chemical formula of methane brought it under the category of hydrocarbon.  Methane is a gas with a chemical formula of CH4 with colorless and40

The global carbon cycle is under the impacts of LULUCF activities

“Land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF)” is defined by the UN Climate Change Secretariat as “A greenhouse gas inventory sector that covers emissions and removals of greenhouse gases resulting from direct human-induced land use, land-use change and forestry activities.” The global carbon cycle is under the impacts of LULUCF activities. These activities can add or remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere contributing to climate change.  LULUCF sector can provide low cost GHG mitigation measures as compare to other sectors.40

Introduction to ISO 14001-Environmental management systems

ISO 14001 is a specific standard in the series for a management system. It incorporates a set of interrelated elements designed to minimize the impact on the environment by an organization.  ISO 14001 was originally issued in 1996 and later revised in 2004. The main purpose of the ISO 14001 is to address the identification, evaluation, and continual improvement of an organization’s activities, products or services that interact with the environment. It defines the implementation of an Environmental Management System40

Wastelands: Types and Status in India

 What is essentially a wasteland? The non technical definition of wasteland from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary is  ‘An empty area of land, especially in or near a city, which is not  used to grow crops or built on, or used in any way and/or a place, time or situation containing nothing positive or productive, or completely without a particular quality or activity’. The Technical Task Group Report of the National Wastelands Development Board Defines the Wasteland as a Land Which is Presently Lying40

Renewable Purchase Obligations for the State of Maharashtra

Every Obligated Entity should have met its Renewable Purchase Obligations (RPO) target by their own generation or procurement of power from Renewable Energy generator or by the way of Renewable Energy Certificate or by the combination of all.   Obligated entities Grid connected captive Power plant with minimum installed capacity of 1 MW and above Entity with demand of minimum 1 MVA and who  consumes electricity procured from conventional fossil fuel based  generation through open access sources Notes: These obligations40

REC Procedures

Pricing of the Renewable Energy Certificates

Each Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) issued shall represent 1 MWh of electricity generated from renewable energy source and injected into the grid. The price of Certificate shall be discovered in the Power Exchange. In between Central Electricity Regulatory Commission will provide information for the floor price and forbearance price. REC’s price range (Minimum and maximum) would be fixed separately for solar and non-solar Certificates. Following factors are considered to fix the price range; 1. Variation in cost of generation of40