Mumbai is an efficient city in many ways, although it all depends on the city’s weather. With the arrival of monsoon, it turns into a soggy confusion. This year monsoon began with the collapse of a pedestrian bridge on a crucial railway line in Andheri, causing urban paralysis. Apprehension looms ahead and it is important to ask whether or not Mumbai is prepared to meet a natural disaster such as the July 2005 flooding caused by 99.4 cm of rain in just 24 hours.
Three reasons cause urban flooding. These include meteorological, hydrological and human. There is nothing humans can do about the first two factors, but failure in the third is what causes destruction.
Flooding is perhaps inevitable even if rainfall does not breach the existing record, with the most important channel of the city’s drainage system under siege. But some techniques can be applied to mitigate the dire flood situation in Mumbai:
Mumbai should not crumble so often. Therefore, the intensity of urban flooding has to be reduced.
Adeela Hameed is pursuing Masters in Environmental Sciences from Amity University, Noida.
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