Categories: Environment

Access to Potable Water in India

Portable water that is drinking water has always had restricted access for developing countries and is looked upon as a sign of development. In cities, it may not be such a great issue and is taken for granted but for many villages, portable water access is still a far away dream. (Know about water scarcity and India)

As per census-2011, Report, 30.80% of the Rural Households in India have access to tap water and 70.60% of the Urban Households of the country are covered with tap water supply.

National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) provides technical and financial assistance to the States to provide safe and adequate drinking water to the rural population.

The Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation has also prepared a Strategic Plan for coverage of rural households with Piped Water. Under the Plan the following timelines have been laid out:

By 2017,

To ensure that at least 50% of rural households are provided with water pipeline connections;  at least 35% of rural households have piped water supply with a household connection; less than 20% use public taps and less than 45% use hand pumps or other safe and adequate private water sources.  All services meet set standards in terms of quality and number of hours of supply every day.

By 2022,

Ensure that at least 90% of rural households are provided with piped water supply; at least 80% of rural households have piped water supply with a household connection; less than 10% use public taps and less than 10% use hand pumps or other safe and adequate private water sources.

The data of various states with regard to access of households with Water pipeline connection in rural and urban areas, as per the Census 2011 is;

Census -2011  Rural  & Urban Households with access to Piped Water Supply
SL State Rural Households Coverage with Tap Water Urban Households Coverage with Tap Water
1 Jammu & Kashmir 14,97,920 55.70 51,71,68 87.90
2 Himachal Pradesh 13,10,538 88.70 1,66,043 95.50
3 Punjab 33,15,632 34.90 20,94,067 76.40
4 Chandigarh 6,785 95.20 2,28,276 96.80
5 Uttarakhand 14,04,845 63.90 5,92,223 78.40
6 Haryana 29,66,053 63.60 17,51,901 77.50
7 Delhi 79,115 59.40 32,61,423 81.90
8 Rajasthan 94,90,363 26.90 30,90,940 82.60
9 Uttar Pradesh 2,54,75,071 20.20 74,49,195 51.50
10 Bihar 1,69,26,958 2.60 20,13,671 20.00
11 Sikkim 93,270 82.60 35,761 92.10
12 Arunachal Pradesh 1,95,723 59.30 65,891 84.20
13 Nagaland 2,84,911 51.80 1,15,054 35.70
14 Manipur 335752 29.50 1,71,400 56.30
15 Mizoram 1,04,874 41.40 1,16,203 74.40
16 Tripura 6,07,779 25.20 2,35,002 54.00
17 Meghalaya 4,22,197 28.70 1,16,102 77.60
18 Assam 53,74,553 6.80 9,92,742 30.20
19 West Bengal 1,37,17,186 11.40 63,50,113 55.60
20 Jharkhand 46,85,965 3.70 14,95,642 41.60
21 Odisha 81,44,012 7.50 15,17,073 48.00
22 Chhattisgarh 43,84,112 8.80 12,38,738 62.50
23 Madhya Pradesh 1,11,22,365 9.90 38,45,232 62.20
24 Gujarat 67,65,403 55.80 54,16,315 85.60
25 Daman & Diu 12,750 84.80 47,631 72.60
26 D & N Haveli 35,408 42.50 37,655 50.30
27 Maharashtra 1,30,16,652 50.20 1,08,13,928 89.10
28 Andhra Pradesh 1,42,46,309 63.40 67,78,225 83.50
29 Karnataka 78,64,196 56.40 53,15,715 80.40
30 Goa 1,24,674 77.80 1,98,139 90.20
31 Lakshadweep 2,523 31.00 8,180 16.90
32 Kerala 40,95,674 24.50 36,20,696 34.90
33 Tamil Nadu 95,63,899 79.30 89,29,104 80.30
34 Pudducherry 95,133 95.00 2,06,143 95.40
35 A & N Islands 59,030 77.50 34,346 97.90
India 16,78,26,730 30.80 7,88,65,937 70.60

Table source- Census 2011

Image credit

Puskar

Editor in chief @GreenCleanGuide.com

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