The Union Cabinet headed by the Indian Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi gave its ex-post facto approval to India’s negotiating stand at the 24th Conference of Parties (COP) to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). As per PIB, this is in continuation to the 28th November 2018 approval. The 24th COP took place in Katowice Poland between the 2nd and 15th of December 2018 where the Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Dr. Harsh Vardhan led the Indian delegation.
The meeting was mainly focused on
finalizing the guidelines for implementing the Paris Agreement in the post-2020
period. The approach of India was directed by the provisions and principles of
the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement, particularly by the principles of Equity
and Common But Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capability
Reiterating its commitment to the Paris
agreement during the COP-24 India also highlighted its leadership by reuniting its
promise of implementing the Agreement in a collective manner completely. Under
the leadership of the Prime Minister, Government of India has taken many steps
to address the climate change concerns which are reflective of India’s
commitment towards climate action. Some examples include- leading the world through
ISA in its search of enhanced solar energy capacity, pushing for renewable
energy resulting in about 74 GW of renewable energy capacity installed,
including the 24GW from solar, etc.
sufficient means of implementation including technological support, capacity
building and financial support is needed from the developed countries to
support the actions of the developing countries. According to an official
statement, the obligation of developed countries in providing implementation
means to developing countries is operationalized by this adopted guidance which
also requires detailed information from the developed countries to get clarity on
the projected levels of climate finance. The official statement also mentioned
that the parties have agreed to begin the work on setting up the new collective
finance goals post-2020 from the base US$100 billion.
The official statement also noted that while the long term interests of the country are protected, India has expressed its reservation on the GST decision concerning the need for equity considerations in the output of the GST process. As per the Paris Agreement mandate, this is a major part of the GST process as it makes sure that the challenges, problems and the vulnerabilities of the poor and marginalized are addressed.
Shailesh is post graduate in Environment Management from Forest Research Institute (FRI) University, Dehradun, India. Presently he is working in the areas of Environmental and Renewable Energy Advisory Services. He has started GreenCleanGuide.com during his college days.