Family: Euphorbiaceae Genus:Mallotus Species:M. philippensis Common name: Kamala, Kamela Origin: India
Description: It is an evergreen tree.Leaves alternate, borne on long stalks. Female flowers in erect, long spikes: male flowers are yellow in colour. Fruits are roundish, -3lobed and densely covered with reddish brown, powdery substance and minute hair which are easily rubbed out.
A dye called kamela powder is obtained from the glandular hairs of the fruits. Also employed as an anti- oxidant for ghee, as an anthelminitic, and for cutaneous affections. Kamela is chiefly for destroying tapeworms. The kamela powder is taken with milk. “Kamela” is purgative. It’s also useful in the treatment of skin diseases, like ringworm and scabies. Kamela powder is used by women as sendur (vermillion).
Seeds yield a fatty oil which forms a good substitute for tung oil in the formulation of rapid drying paints and varnishes, and hair fixers and ointments; cake used as manure and, in combination with sawdust for making insulating boards, and cork substitutes. Due to the good drying properties the oil is much valued in the painting works.
Wood suitable for rafters, tool handles, match boxes, and small turnery articles. Leaves used for fodder. Bark contains tannin.