Economic Importance of Platanus orientalis
April 1, 2012 | Benefits of Trees | No Comments|
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Order: Proteales
- Family: Platanaceae
- Genus: Platanus
- Species: P. orientalis
- Common name: Chinar
- Origin: India
Description: A medium sized or large tree. Leaf commonly has 5 -7 palmate lobes, all distinctly longer than wide. Some forms have fairly rigid leaf blades with the lobe tips and teeth pointing upwards. Fruits are borne in groups of 2-6, commonly 4 on a stem, borne on short lateral growths.
- Wood used for small boxes ,trays, and similar articles which are lacquered and painted; also used for cabinet –making, furniture, veneers, carving, coach-building and general turnery and for wood pulp; suitable for boot lasts. A fabric dye is obtained from the branches and roots.
- Bark antiscorbutic and antirheumatic; boiled in vinegar used in diarrhoea and dysentery. The bark is boiled in vinegar and then used in the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery, hernias and toothache.
- The leaves are astringent and vulnerary. The fresh leaves are bruised and applied to the eyes in the treatment of ophthalmia. A decoction is used to treat dysentery and a cream made from the leaves is used to heal wounds and chilblains.The leaves are harvested in the spring and summer and can be dried for later use.