The capacity of this Waste to Energy Plant is 500 Kg of waste per day
All types of waste including plastic and e-waste can be converted to Light Diesel Oil which is used to light furnaces.
Railways has commissioned country’s first governmental Waste to Energy Plant,
having capacity of 500 Kg waste per day, in Mancheswar Carriage Repair Workshop
at Bhubaneswar in East Coast Railway. Member Rolling Stock, Shri Rajesh Agarwal
inaugurated this plant on 22nd January 2020 along with GM, East Coast Railway. This
Waste to Energy Plant has been constructed in three months as per information
available from PIB.
Waste to Energy Plant, a patented technology called POLYCRACK, is first-of-its-kind
in Indian Railways and fourthin India. It is world’s first patented heterogeneous catalytic
process which converts multiple feed stocks into hydrocarbon liquid fuels, gas,
carbon and water. Polycrack Plant can be fed with all types of Plastic,
Petroleum sludge, Un-segregated MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) with moisture up to
50%, E–Waste, Automobile fluff, Organic waste including bamboo, garden waste
etc., and Jatropha fruit and palm bunch.Waste generated from Mancheswar Carriage
Repair Workshop, Coaching Depot and Bhubaneswar Railway Station will be feeder
material for this plant.
process is a closed loop system and does not emit any hazardous pollutants into
the atmosphere. The combustible, non-condensed gases are re-used for providing
energy to the entire system and thus, the only emission comes from the
combustion of gaseous fuels. The emissions from the combustion are found to be
much less than prescribed environmental norms. This process will produce energy
in the form of Light Diesel Oil which is used to light furnaces.
OF POLYCRACK TECHNOLOGY –
has the following advantages over the conventional approach of treating solid
Pre-segregation of waste is not
required to reform the waste. Waste as collected can be directly fed into
It has high tolerance to
moisture hence drying of waste is not required.
Waste is processed and reformed
within 24 hours.
It is an enclosed unit hence
the working environment is dust free.
Excellent air quality surrounding
Biological decomposition is not
allowed as the Waste is treated as it is received.
The footprint of the plant is
small hence the area required for installing the plant is less when compared
with conventional method of processing.
All constituents are converted
into valuable energy thereby making it Zero Discharge Process.
Gas generated in the process is
re-used to provide energy to the system thereby making it self-reliant and also
bring down the operating cost.
There is no atmospheric
emission during the process unlike other conventional methods except for
combustion gases which have pollutants less than the prescribed norms the world
Operates around 450 degrees,
making it a low temperature process when compared with other options.
Safe and efficient system with
built-in safety features enables even an unskilled user to operate the machine
Low capital cost and low
Fully automated system requires
AND RECOGNITION –
process has been awarded with the Best innovation Gold Medal in 2007 by
Lockheed Martin, Dept of Science & Technology, Govt. of India, FICCI; Best
Innovation Gold Medal 2007; Best Innovation Gold Medal 2008; Best Innovation
Gold Medal 2009; Nominated for Tech-Museum Awards 2008; Frost & Sullivan –
Global Innovation and Leadership Award -2011 and IGCW-2011 – Best Green
Chemistry Innovation Award.
DESCRIPTION OF WASTE TO ENERGY PLANT –
Total plant installation cost:
Rs 1.79 crore
Date of commissioning: 22 Jan
Estimated income from the byproducts:
Rs 17.5 Lakhs per annum