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Main Principles of Organic Farming

Organic farming is very important because it produces naturally grown organic foods. Organic farming emphasizes soil fertility and maintains the soil naturally without using chemicals to help grow and protect crops. Now a day’s organic farming is increasingly becoming more popular because people want less pesticides and fertilizers on our food. Organic farming not only helps us by providing better quality of food but also saves the environment by not spraying harmful pesticides into the air. Organic farming is essential for the safety of environment. It saves the planet for being polluted and damaged.


The International Federation of Organic Agricultural Movement (IFOAM) is an international body working since 1972 it regulates the organic farming. According to them “The role of organic agriculture, whether in farming, processing, distribution, or consumption, is to sustain and enhance the health of ecosystems and organisms from the smallest in the soil to human beings.” Artificial practices like battery-raised animals, genetically modified foods and additives to animal feed do not include in organic farming.

There are four main principles of Organic farming according to IFOAM. Following are the principles on which organic farming is based on

The principle of health, The principle of ecology, The principle of fairness and The principle of care.

The Principle of Health

The principle emphasize on the important of healthy soil. If the soil is healthy so it will grow healthy crops which will lead to healthy animals as well. If the crops are healthy so they will also create positive impact on human health and by eating healthy crops we will also get healthy body. So the most important thing is to focus on healthy soil. In recent time people are getting very aware about food safety because many diseases like asthma, food allergies and heart disease are associated with inorganic farming. In inorganic farming there are lots of chemical fertilizers used that we usually intake and it creates bad Impact on human health. So it’s essential to avoid the use of chemical containing fertilizers, pesticides and other chemical additives that may have negative effects on human health.

The Principle of Ecology

According to this principle production of crops and animals should be based on the land that is nutrients enriched. The main objective of this principle is to attain ecological balance through the farming so it focuses on recycling. We can use lots of leftovers as potential compost rather than burning leftovers using them as compost can also save environment from pollution. We should focus on reuse of inputs by recycling so we can enjoy better quality of environment.

The Principle of Fairness 

Organic farming is a strong supporter of fairness. Fairness means equity, respect, care and justice. This principle emphasize on the relationship fairness at each and every level and to all groups such as farmers, processors, distributors, suppliers and consumers. Every group should assure this that they will never harm the environment, soil, water, animals or any other thing this is the basic objective of fairness principle.

The Principle of Care 

This is another important principle of organic farming. Because in order to achieve all the above goals it’s essential to take good care of land and whole environment. This principle emphasize on responsibility that it’s our responsibility to protect the land and environment from hazardous substances. Without this it’s impossible to achieve any of the other goals. So this is the last and the most important principle.

Author’s Bio:

Christine RudolphChristine Rudolph is a passionate blogger who loves to write on Health and Agriculture. A true essence of how to save the ecosystem is always evident from her writings. Green and healthy environment is a wish of hers and to breathe in such an environment is a fantasy that she believe would definitely come true.

Image credit: Steve Evans, uploaded at wikipedia

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