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Economic importance of Nyctanthes arbor- tristis

Nyctanthes arbor- tristis
Nyctanthes arbor- tristis

Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Lamiales
Family: Verbenaceae
Genus:  Nyctanthes
Species: Nyctanthes arbor-tristis
Common name: Night jasmine, Harsinghar
Origin: India


Description: It is a shrub or a small tree, with grey bark. The leaves are opposite, simple, with an entire margin. The flowers are fragrant, they are produced in clusters of two to seven together, with individual flowers opening at dusk and finishing at dawn. The fruit is a flat brown heart-shaped to round capsule, with two sections each containing a single seed.


Economic Importance:

  • Flowers yield an essential oil similar to jasmine. Corolla tubes containing a colouring matter, nyctanthin, which is identical with alpha, crocetil from saffron. Corolla tubes were formerly used for dying silk.
  • Seed yield a fixed oil.
  • Leaves antibilious  and expectorant, used in rheumatism and fevers; decoction given in sciatica, juice used as cholagogue, laxative, diaphoretic, diuretic, and antihelmintic.
  • Bark used for tannin. Bark is expectorant, contains two alkaloids, of these the water soluble one stimulates the ciliary movements of oesophagus.
  • Powdered seeds used for scurfy affections of the scalp.

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