Some of the best coffee in the world comes from India. Indian coffee is one amongst the highly valued coffee in the world market, especially in Europe where Indian coffee is sold as premium coffee. In fact, India is the only country where the total coffee cultivation happens under shade, is handpicked and then sun-dried.
Majority of the coffee cultivation in India
happens in Southern states, with 54% happening in Karnataka, 19% in Kerala, 8%
in Tamil Nadu. In the non-traditional areas like Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, North
East also Coffee is grown. Around 3.66 lakhs farmers of which 98% are small
farmers involve in coffee cultivation in around 4.54 lakhs hectares.
Geographical Indication (GI) certification
is issued by Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry
of Commerce and Industry Government of India. GI certification recognition and
protection enables the Indian coffee producers to invest better and maintain
the special qualities of the coffee grown in that region. It also makes those
coffee varieties more popular in the world and thereby helps growers get the
best price for their premium coffee.
Recently Five Indian coffee varieties –
Coorg Arabica, Wayanaad Robusta, Chikmagalur Arabica, Araku Valley Arabica,
Bababudangiris Arabica have been awarded GI certification. Earlier, the unique
specialty coffee, Monsooned Malabar Robusta was given GI certification.
Here are some details about these varieties:
Coorg Arabacia is grown specifically in
Karnataka’s Kodagu region.
Wayanaad Robusta coffee comes specifically
from Waynaad district in eastern side of Kerala.
Chikmagalur Arabica is grown specifically
in Chikmagalur district in Deccan plateau. This district belongs to Malnad
region in Karnataka.
Araku Valley Arabica is referred to as
coffee from hilly tracks of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. It is grown at 900-1100
Mt MSL elevation. In Araku, the tribal who grow the coffee here use organic
approach emphasizing management practices involving use of organic manure,
organic pest management practices, green manuring.
Bababudangiris Arabica coffee comes from
Coffee’s birthplace in India, central portion of Chikmagalur district. This variety
referred to as high grown coffee slowly ripens in mild climate giving the bean
its special taste and aroma. The coffee is selectively hand-picked and
processed by natural fermentation giving it full body, acidity, mild flavor and
an aroma with note of chocolate.