Several initiatives have been taken in India to improve the resilience of agriculture to climatic variations and to make agriculture more adaptive reported PIB. In the course of these attempts are made to cut down the carbon emissions. Here, the major initiatives involve crop diversification program under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI), National Food Security Mission (NFSM). According to PIB report, under one of the eight National Action Plan for Climatic Change (NAPCC) missions, the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), many supporting programs including Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY), Rainfed Area Development (RAD), Soil Health Card (SHC), Mission Organic for Value Chain Development for North East (MOVCD), National Bamboo Mission (NBM), Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) are being implemented.
Some of the practices which help in cutting
down the carbon emissions include:
Providing an alternative to
transplanted paddy by increasing System of Rice Intensification (SRI) area.
Using zero tillage drill
machine and other residue management machines to plant rabi crops in the
residue of rice crop without having to burn them.
Rice cultivation by direct seeding,
alternate wetting and drying, integrated nutrient management, using slow
release nitrogen fertilizers, using super granules of urea, applying nitrogen
based on leaf color chart etc.
Making Neem coating of urea mandatory.
Promotion of micro irrigation under
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)-Per Drop More Crop.
Planting trees under NBM,
BGREI, SMAF, NFSM schemes.
Development of 45 Integrated
Farming system (IFS) models for replication in Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) and
in States for climate resilient agriculture facilitation.
Development of one climate
resilient village in each of the 151 districts by the Indian Council of
Agricultural Research (ICAR). Preparation of a climate vulnerability atlas under
National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA). Development of
district agriculture contingency plans for 633 districts to provide agro
advisories in real time and help overcome risks related to climate.
In November of 2017, the Ministry of Power brought
a policy for using biomass for generating power. According to this policy with
the exception of units having tube and ball mills, all the private and public
fluidized bed and pulverized coal units across India would assess technical and
safety aspects and try to use 5-10% blend of agricultural residual based
biomass pellets along with coal. In line with this, the Central Electricity
Authority (CEA) also issued an advisory to the power plant utilities, power
equipment manufacturers, State Governments and other stakeholders promoting utilization
of biomass pellet.
In the meeting held on November 15th
2018, the Ministry of Power decided that Haryana and Punjab states would bid
for all coal based thermal power plants to use 5 to 10% of biomass pellets
fired along with coal.
To support Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab,
NCT of Delhi government efforts in addressing air pollution related issues as
well as subsidizing the machinery needed for in-situ crop residue management, Rs.
591.65 crores for 2018-19 and Rs.560.15 crores for 2019-20, totaling to Rs.
1151.80 crores from Central funds has been allocated towards the newly launched
Central sector scheme on ‘Promotion of Agricultural Mechanization for In-Situ
Management of Crop Residue in the States of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and
NCT of Delhi’.
During 2018-19, Rs. 269.38 crores funds
have been released to the Government of Punjab, Rs. 137.84 crores to Government
of Haryana and Rs. 148.60 crores to the Government of Uttar Pradesh. These
funds are released for undertaking Information Education and Communication
activities for raising awareness among the farmers, distributing machinery to
farmers on subsidy for in-situ crop residue management, establishing Custom
Hiring Centres (CHCs) for the machinery to manage in-situ crop residue.
Through the various efforts under the
Central Sector Scheme on ‘Promotion of Agricultural Mechanization for In-Situ
Management of Crop Residue in the State of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana and
NCT of Delhi, compared to 2017, the paddy residue burning events have reduced
by 29.5% in Haryana, 24.5% in Uttar Pradesh, 11% in Punjab as per satellite