These chemicals have a variety of effects on people who are exposed to it, depending on the duration of exposure. These effects can vary from being mild, minor irritation in the eyes, throat, nose or skin, to severe cases of headaches, nausea and dizziness that can also result from prolonged exposure to the chemicals in conventional paints. Some long-term effects include liver and kidney damage, respiratory issues and even cancer. These paints not only harm the human body, but also the environment. The by-products and waste of the synthetic chemical industry is detrimental to the environment and it leaves an immense carbon footprint.
The potent health effects of these paints have made paint companies reconsider the composition of their products. This has led to the development of a new range of eco-friendly non-toxic paints. These eco friendly paints aim to reinvent conventional paints so that serious health and environment implications are avoided. The eco-friendly paints available in India can be classified into the following three types:
*Since India does not have guidelines on such non-toxic paints, we have considered the standards formulated by the Green Seal Standard for Paints & Coatings and the US Environment Protection Agency (EPA).
Technical comparison between conventional and low VOC paints:
|Parameters||Conventional Paints||Low/Zero VOC Paints|
|VOC content before tinting (gram per liter)||250-800||50 for Low VOC5 for Zero VOC|
|Color ranges||All colors||Lighter colors|
|Texture||Flat or Glossy||Flat only|
|Base||Oil or Latex||Latex (Oil in rare cases)|
|Odor||Suffocating||Less or None|
|Cost per gallon||INR 720-3,000||INR 1,800-4,200|
|Performance over 20 years||4-5 coats needed||1 coat is enough|
The following suppliers sell eco-friendly and non-toxic paints in India:
It is clear that eco-friendly and non-toxic varieties of paints come at a higher cost than regular paints, but have a longer lifespan and do not have negative also benefit you and your family’s health, as well as the environment.
Author Bio –
Arushi Prakash is a Chemical Engineering graduate from BITS-Pilani. She was awarded the prestigious UGC-NRC Fellowship 2013 at the Institute of Chemical Technology. Arushi is a regular contributor on innovative eco-friendly ideas at Ecoideaz.com
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