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India’s Progress in Biogas and Wind Energy

India has looked to promote various renewable energy technologies starting with the National Climate Change Missions. Perhaps the most well known is the most promoted National Solar Mission that seeks to exploit solar energy in India for generating power.

The Indian government has initiated a programme to assess solar radiation resource of the country. In Phase-I under this programme, Solar Radiation Monitoring Stations have been established at various part of the country through Centre Wind Energy Technology (C-WET), Chennai. The data from various stations is transmitted to a central server maintained at C-WET and is made available to various stakeholders after carrying out quality checks.

The findings of this study have indicated that many states, such as the Western States viz. Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh, and some parts of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh have enormous potential for setting up grid connected solar power projects in the country.

However, a comprehensive survey of land for setting up of solar projects has not been carried out in any state. Read more on solar technologies here.

The government has tried to promote renewable sources of energy and distribution companies are free to purchase renewable energy in excess of the stipulated Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO). 

Biogas – State-wise targets and achievement
The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has also implemented a National Biogas and Manure Management Programme (NBMMP) for setting up family type biogas plants mainly in rural areas including remote villages.

Under the programme, a target of setting up 1.06 lakh biogas plants has been fixed under NBMMP for the year 2013-14. State-wise targets and achievement under national biogas and manure management programme (NBMMP) during the year 2013-14 is given below:

Biogas plants installed during year 2013-14

Biogas is a very profitable option especially for the villages where traditional sources of energy are hard to come by. The State-wise number of households covered by family type biogas plants during each of the last three years is given below:

Biogas plants installed during the last three years;

Sl. No. Name of State/ UT Numbers of Family type Biogas Plants installed
2010-11 2011-12 2012-13
 1 Andhra Pradesh 16275 15346 16153
 2 Arunachal Pradesh 175 150 190
 3 Assam 6732 6581 7397
 4 Bihar 350 3285 300
 5 Chhattisgarh 3832 4779 3933
 6 Goa 18 65 58
 7 Gujarat 6105 2631 5623
 8 Haryana 1379 1819 1303
 9 Himachal Pradesh 445 426 362
 10 Jammu & Kashmir 114 136 294
 11 Jharkhand 913 750 641
 12 Karnataka 14464 12363 13485
 13 Kerala 3941 3483 3991
 14 Madhya Pradesh 16742 12415 11946
 15 Maharashtra 21456 22220 19023
 16 Meghalaya 1275 1390 670
 17 Mizoram 100 100 500
 18 Nagaland 1171 1325 750
 19 Odisha 6050 7186 7002
 20 Punjab 23700 14173 12127
 21 Rajasthan 275 498 526
 22 Sikkim 358 635 251
 23 Tamilnadu 1493 1531 1321
 24 Tripura 89 117 219
 25 Uttar Pradesh 4603 4759 3923
 26 Uttarakhand 2082 2114 1831
 27 West Bengal 17000 19986 10522
 28 Delhi/ New Delhi 1 1 0
 29 KVIC, Mumbai * * *
Total 1,51,138 1,40,264 1,24,341

* Annual achievements of KVIC, Mumbai have been distributed among States

Wind Energy – Estimated capacity and achievements

The wind sector in India has also progressed in the last decade. India is endowed with large wind energy potential.  The total estimated wind Energy Potential taken at the wind speed of 50m/hr. is 49130 MW & calculated at the rate of wind speed of 80m/hr. is 102788 MW.

 The State-wise wind power potential as per Wind Atlas is as below;

Estimated Wind Energy Potential of States in India

The installed Capacity of Wind Energy is as below;

The Installed Capacity of Wind Energy

The government of India promotes wind generation by giving Rs.0.50/Unit under the Generation Based Incentive (GBI) as incentive for generation of power subject to a ceiling of Rs.1.00 crore/MW. The benefit is to be availed in more than 4 years and less than 10 years.  The year-wise targets and achievement in last three years and current year are given below;

Year Target(MW) Achievement (MW)
2010-11 2000 2350
2011-12 2400 3196
2012-13 2500 1700
2013-14 2500 1174 (up to January, 2014)

 Reference – PIB releases and relevant Ministries, GoI

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