Liquidambar formosana

Economic importance of Liquidambar formosana

Kingdom: Plantae Order: Saxifragales Family: Hamamelidaceae Genus:  Liquidambar Species: Liquidambar formosana Common name: Formosa sweet gum Origin: China Description: Formosa Sweet gum has a wide, pyramidal shape when young but eventually grows to a rounded or irregular form. Young specimens may vary in form and be somewhat irregular. It has a more rounded crown than native Sweet gum. The large,  three-lobed leaves, purplish-red when young, are dark green through the growing season and in fall turn a beautiful yellow-red colour in the40

Magnolia grandiflora

Economic importance of Magnolia grandiflora

Kingdom: Plantae Order: Magnoliales Family: Magnoliaceae Genus: Magnolia Species: Magnolia grandiflora Common name: Laurel magnolia, Life tree, Bari champa, Him champa Origin: U.S.A. Description: Magnolia is a large, broad-leafed evergreen tree. Its trunk is typically straight and erect with spreading branches that form a dense, broadly pyramidal crown. The evergreen leaves are leathery and dark glossy green above with rusty, velveteen undersides.  Economic Importance: Bark stimulant, diaphoretic and tonic; used also for malaria and rheumatism, most part contains an essential oil. Most40

Schima wallichi

Economic importance of Schima wallichi

Kingdom: Plantae Order: Ericales Family: Theaceae Genus:  Schima Species: Schima wallichi Common name: Needle wood, Chialuni Origin: India Description: Leaves oblong, lanceolate, elliptic- oblong or ovate to obovate, cuneate to round at base, acute to short acuminate at apex. Flowers white, fragrant, narrowly oblong, retuse.  Economic Importance: Wood used for building purposes, bridges, planking canoes, agricultural implements, fancy articles, pit and mine- props, and veneers. Also suitable for tea chest plywood, rice mortars, and matches and paper pulp. Bark used for dyeing40

Putranjiva roxburghii

Economic importance of Putranjiva roxburghii

Kingdom: Plantae Order: Malpighiales Family: Putranjivaceae Genus:  Putranjiva Species: Putranjiva roxburghii Common name: Child- life tree Origin: India Description:  Evergreen tree, with pendent branches, grey bark, leaves are long, elliptic- oblong to ovate –lanceolate, dark-green, shining, flowers small, make in dense rounded clusters, yellowish, femal ,solitary or 2-3 together, green. Economic Importance: Wood used for house- building, agricultural implements, tool handles and turnery. Leaves and stones given in decoction for cold, fever, and rheumatism. Leaves also lopped for fodder. Stones strung into40

Michelia -Tree

Economic importance of Michelia spp.

Kingdom: Plantae Order: Magnoliales Family: Magnoliaceae Genus:  Michelia Species: M. champaca ; M. oblonga Common name: Champa Origin: India Description: An evergreen tree. It is best known and cultivated for its strongly fragrant yellow or white flowers. Economic Importance: M . champaca: Wood used for posts, boards, veneers, furniture, decorative fittings, carriage and ship – building, and carving. Also suitable for bent- wood ribs, general joinery work, bobbins, drums, battery separators and tea chest plywood. Flowers are source of Champa oil or40

Dalbergia latifolia tree at FRI Dehradun campus

Economic importance of Dalbergia latifolia

Kingdom: Plantae Order: Fabales Family: Papilionaceae Genus: Dalbergia Species: Dalbergia latifolia Common name: Indian Rosewood Origin: India Description: Rosewood is a large deciduous or nearly evergreen tree with a cylindrical, fairly straight bole and a broad rounded crown. The bark is fairly thin, grey, with irregular short cracks, exfoliated and thin, fibrous, longitudinal flakes, leaves are imparipinnate, base cuneate, elliptic, ovate and leathery. Flowers  white, found in axils of much branched panicles. Economic Importance: Indian rosewood is ranked among the finest wood for40

Trewia nudiflora

Economic Importance of Trewia nudiflora

Kingdom: Plantae Order: Malpighiales Family: Euphorbiaceae Genus: Trewia Species: Trewia nudiflora Common name: Gutel, khamara Origin: India   Description: It is a small to large sized deciduous tree with spreading branches. Leaves opposite, long petioled, broadly ovate, cordate or rounded base, acuminate, female flowers on long peduncles, styles yellow. Fruit is a globose berry.   Economic Importance: The wood is even textured. It is classed as a very weak and soft timber. It is a straight- grained timber with medium fine- texture. It is used for40

Emblica officinalis

Economic importance of Emblica officinalis

Kingdom : Plantae Division : Angiospermae Class : Dicotyledonae Order : Geraniales Family: Euphorbiaceae Genus:  Emblica Species: Emblica officinalis Common name: Amla Origin: India Description: The tree is small to medium sized, reaching 8 to 18 m in height, with crooked trunk and spreading branches. The leaves simple, sub-sessile and closely set along branchlets, light green, resembling pinnate leaves. The flowers are greenish-yellow. The fruit is nearly spherical, light greenish yellow, quite smooth and hard on appearance. The taste of Indian gooseberry40